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Table 9 Supply chain control systems for bioenergy feedstocks, with mixing and sustainability claim characteristics, and hypotheses about the benefits and challenges of each system, in terms of information transparency, costs and risks of falsification

From: Conceptual framework for increasing legitimacy and trust of sustainability governance

Supply Chain Control System Book and Claim Mass Balance Segregation Full Segregation Identity preserved
Level of mixing Mixing Controlled mixing Controlled mixing No mixing No mixing
Sustainability claim Supports the production of certified forest biomass (equivalent to xx % of the biomass utilised) Supports the production
of certified forest
biomass
(equivalent to
xx % of the biomass
utilised)
Contains minimum xx %
of certified
forest biomass
Only certified
forest biomass
Only certified
forest biomass with information about original producer
Information transparency Low Medium Medium High Very high
Costs Low Medium Medium High Very high
Risks of falsification High Medium Medium Low Very low
  1. Based on Stupak et al. [300]