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Table 11 Social and cultural values topics addressed in forest biomass harvesting guidelines, as percent occurrence in 21 North American and 10 European jurisdictions or regions

From: Sustainable forest biomass: a review of current residue harvesting guidelines

Value or concerna North America Europe
Aesthetics and recreation (any value or concern) 33 60
Aesthetic, visual or landscape qualityb, c 33 40
Recreation (including right-of-way and access) 10 40
Noise 5 0
Other (undefined social concerns) 5 0
  0 0
Archaeology, history, cultured (any value or concern) 10 60
Archaeological and historical sitese,f 10 40
Sites of cultural and/or social importancee,f 10 50
  1. aSee Additional file 1: Table ST-8 for more detail
  2. bMI (2012)
  3. cUK (1997)
  4. dMeaning of "cultural" is not always clear and could sometimes refer to historical sites
  5. eMI (2010) biomass harvesting guidelines refer users to other guidelines for social values
  6. fUK (2017) Forestry Standards