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Table 3 Forest management topics addressed in forest biomass harvesting guidelines, as percent occurrence in 21 North American and 10 European jurisdictions or regions

From: Sustainable forest biomass: a review of current residue harvesting guidelines

Action or practicea North America Europe
General forest practice (any action) 100 80
 Inventory resources 90 70
 Create pre-harvest management plan 95 50
 Close-out proceduresb 24 0
Biomass and forest management (any action) 95 90
 Restrict harvest in old growth 48 60
 Even- or uneven-aged stand management 52 90
 "High-grading" or diameter-limit cutting 24 10
 Damage to remaining trees 33 40
 Regeneration 38 10
 Reduction of fuels for wildfire 43 10
 Burning post-harvest residue 14 50
 Diseases, pests or invasive species 67 40
 Salvage logging 76 30
 Conversion to plantations 48 10
  1. aSee Additional file 1: Table ST-3 for more detail
  2. bProcedures that ensure that forest operation is brought to completion, such as final inspection, documentation, etc.