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Figure 3 | Energy, Sustainability and Society

Figure 3

From: Efficient growth of Kluyveromyces marxianus biomass used as a biocatalyst in the sustainable production of ethyl acetate

Figure 3

Aerobic batch cultivation of K. marxianus DSM 5422 in stirred bioreactors using ammonium or urea. Aerobic batch cultivation of K. marxianus DSM 5422 in a stirred bioreactor using ammonium (white symbols) or urea (grey symbols) as a source of nitrogen. DW medium with 2 mL/L trace-element solution was supplemented with (NH4)2SO4 or urea plus Na2SO4 (white symbols = 10 g/L (NH4)2SO4; grey symbols = 5 g/L urea and 0.4 g/L Na2SO4); the cultivation occurred in an 1-L stirred reactor at 1,200 rpm, 32°C, and aeration with 50 L/h; the pH was controlled to ≥5 with 2 M KOH; the given growth rate was derived from measured CO2 data.

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