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Table 1 An overview of the objectives of market integration of renewable energy sources

From: Market integration of renewable energies through direct marketing - lessons learned from the German market premium scheme

Market integration objectives Dimensions of achievement of objectives Contributions to overarching objectives
Demand-oriented generation of RES electricity and increased flexibility of RES plants Prevention of surplus supply situations via voluntary curtailment in times of negative electricity prices Contribution of RES to security of supply is increased;
  Shift of feed-in to times when demand is strong and prices are high: Costs of RES promotion are reduced through an increase in RES market value;
  • Intermittent RES: Maintenance planning, installation design oriented towards market value and system requirements Cost reductions in the overall system (e.g. lower balancing energy prices and system integration costs)
  • Dispatchable RES: targeted load shifting  
  Increased remote controllability of RES installations  
  Participation of RES installations in the balancing energy market  
Efficient marketing of RES electricity Reduced transaction costs of marketing RES electricity RES promotion costs are reduced
Increased forecasting quality and reduction of costs of procuring balancing energy
Competition for efficient marketing forms
Market-driven production and investment decisions Competitive determination of RES remuneration RES expansion costs are reduced
RES producers become regular market players
  1. Based on BMU 2011 [7]; Klobasa et al. 2013 [6]; and Lehnert et al. 2014 [5-7].