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Table 1 Japan’s energy demand by sector and real value added (1990–2011)

From: Regional energy demand in Japan: dynamic shift-share analysis

  Energy demand (TJ) Regional gross product (real value added: million yen)
  All sectors Industry sector Civil sector Transportation sector  
   Non-manufacturing Manufacturing Residential Commercial   
1990
 Average 244,527 13,270 142,241 34,041 39,599 15,376 9,909,019
 Standard deviation 247,976 10,249 183,882 36,560 50,515 12,086 13,927,556
 Maximum 1,111,732 60,233 909,773 180,245 296,525 46,492 86,871,666
 Minimum 34,509 3,547 8,235 6,416 8,053 3,562 1,925,717
2000
 Average 273,370 11,446 143,552 44,268 53,108 20,996 10,658,548
 Standard deviation 273,460 7,930 193,543 46,249 63,634 16,041 14,683,460
 Maximum 1,293,160 48,073 1,029,795 222,472 377,043 62,358 93,069,156
 Minimum 48,724 3,400 9,434 8,776 11,810 5,262 2,108,983
 Annual growth rate (%, 1990–2000) 1.12 −1.47 0.09 2.66 2.98 3.16 0.73
2011
 Average 258,754 10,149 124,003 43,201 58,636 22,765 11,372,417
 Standard deviation 252,082 8,098 167,884 45,175 72,779 16,667 15,518,250
 Maximum 1,096,462 44,894 829,755 221,439 427,226 66,374 97,824,880
 Minimum 48,044 1,833 10,313 8,300 12,291 6,253 1,876,725
 Annual growth rate (%, 2000–2011) −0.55 −1.20 −1.45 −0.24 1.00 0.81 0.65
1990–2011
 Average 262,696 11,824 135,589 41,833 52,096 21,354 10,633,278
 Standard deviation 259,215 8,684 180,259 43,555 65,180 16,501 14,495,885
 Maximum 1,333,681 60,689 1,062,885 232,676 476,685 84,744 101,626,400
 Minimum 34,509 1,719 7,630 6,416 8,044 3,562 1,869,686
 Annual growth rate (%, 1990–2011) 0.33 −0.52 −0.22 0.94 1.25 1.50 0.32
  1. Source: Energy Consumption Statistics by Prefecture (METI), Japanese Annual Report on Prefectural Accounts (Cabinet Office)
  2. Notes: Japan’s 47 prefectures are included in the sample dataset for 1990–2011