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Table 1 Elements of Ontario’s shift to the smart grid and conservation culture [1, 50, 53]

From: Towards a smart and sustainable residential energy culture: assessing participant feedback from a long-term smart grid pilot project

Objectives Technology Funds and initiatives Policies Additional mechanisms Actors
Peak shifting, conservation, peak shaving, system efficiencies and security, distributed generation, integration of new technologies, privacy, efficiency, customer value, coordination, reliability, flexibility, and innovation Established: smart meters and AMI and integration of renewables
Testing: energy storage self-healing grids and microgrids and voltage reactive power
Smart Grid Fund and Green Button Initiative Green Energy and Green Economy Act TOU pricing and demand response Ministry of Energy, Ontario Energy Board, Ontario Power Authority, Independent Electricity System Operator, Hydro One Networks, and local distribution companies