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Table 1 Representative FSC membranes and MMMs for gas separation

From: A review of material development in the field of carbon capture and the application of membrane-based processes in power plants and energy-intensive industries

Material Support Membrane module Gas separation Reference
FSC membranes
 Poly(amidoamine)/poly(vinyl alcohol) Flat sheet CO2/H2 [37]
 Polyallylamine (PAAm)/poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) blend Polysulfone Flat sheet CO2/H2/N2/CO [166]
 PVAm & PVAm/PVA blend Polysulfone, polyphenylene oxide (PPO) Flat sheet, Hollow fiber CO2/N2, CO2/CH4 [31, 71, 74, 86, 87, 147, 148]
 PVA Flat sheet CO2/H2/N2 [77]
  Flat sheet CO2/CH4 [80]
 CNT-reinforced PVAm/PVA blend Polysulfone Flat sheet CO2/CH4 [62, 63, 66,67,68,69]
 Nanotube-reinforced PVAm Polyethersulfone (PES) Flat-sheet CO2/N2 [58]
 High temperature ionic liquids Nylon Flat sheet CO2/H2 [110]
 Room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) Flat sheet CO2/air, SO2/air,
[102, 112]
 Polymer matrix Inorganic filler Membrane module Gas separation Reference
 Poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) Zeolite 4A, TiO2 Flat sheet CO2/N2 [2,3,4]
 PIMs ZIF-8, CNTs Flat sheet H2/N2, H2/CH4, He/N2, O2/N2 CO2/CH4 [21, 82]
 Poly (ethylene oxide) (PEO) Graphene oxide Flat sheet CO2/N2 [122]
 Pebax 1 D multi-walled CNT/graphene oxide nanoribbon Flat sheet CO2/N2, CO2/CH4 [114]
 PIMs MOFs Flat sheet CO2/N2 [44]