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Table 3 Partial proportional odds model for self-rated health

From: Exploring the link between energy security and subjective well-being: a study of 22 nations

  Very bad Bad Fair Good
OR (se) OR (se) OR (se) OR (se)
Energy concerns 0.97 (0.09) 1.00 (0.04) 0.81** (0.02) 0.76** (0.02)
Male 1.05 (0.03)
Income decile 1.08** (0.01)
Education (ref. < lower secondary)
 Lower secondary 1.03 (0.23) 1.11 (0.13) 1.25** (0.09) 0.92 (0.09)
 Lower tier upper secondary 0.96 (0.21) 1.08 (0.13) 1.39** (0.11) 0.99 (0.10)
 Upper tier upper secondary 1.06 (0.24) 1.32* (0.16) 1.54** (0.11) 1.03 (0.10)
 Advanced vocational degree 0.82 (0.21) 1.15 (0.15) 1.59** (0.12) 1.05 (0.10)
 Bachelor’s degree 1.45 (0.46) 1.34* (0.19) 1.88** (0.16) 1.20 (0.12)
 ≥ Master’s degree 0.74 (0.21) 0.99 (0.14) 1.90** (0.15) 1.23* (0.12)
Age 0.99* (0.00) 0.98** (0.00) 0.97** (0.00) 0.97** (0.00)
Currently Sick (ref. no)
 Yes, to some extent 0.11** (0.03) 0.06** (0.01) 0.12** (0.00) 0.11** (0.01)
 Yes, a lot 0.01** (0.00) 0.01** (0.00) 0.05** (0.00) 0.14** (0.02)
Currently disabled 0.39** (0.03)
Experienced long-term unemployment 1.45 (0.29) 0.86 (0.07) 0.82** (0.04) 0.82** (0.05)
Generalized trust 1.10** (0.01)
Institutional trust 1.11** (0.02)
Constant 8.24 5.36 2.65 1.10
Observations 30,903
Pseudo R-squared 0.236
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses. “Very good” is the reference category. Models includes country fixed effects. The proportional odds assumption was violated for Energy Security Worry, Education, Age, and Currently Sick
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. **p < 0.01