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Table 1 Conversion and efficiency factors in the light of local capabilities. Source: [46,47,48]

From: Heat consumption scenarios in the rural residential sector: the potential of heat pump-based demand-side management for sustainable heating

Fuel type Values Units Appliance Efficiency
Firewood (moisture content 45%) 2.42 MWh/m3 Wood burning stove 0.55
Natural gas 9.60 kWh/m3 Boiler 0.75
Lignite 2.44 kWh/kg Multi-fuel stove 0.45
Electricity 1 kWh Water heater 0.85