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Table 1 Selected cases of TSC systems and territorial alternatives to them

From: Transnational sustainability certification for the bioeconomy? Patterns and discourse coalitions of resistance and alternatives in biomass exporting regions

Sector TSC systems Territorial alternative systems
Name Founded Seat Structure Name Founded Seat Structure
Palm oil RSPO 2004 CH MSI ISPO 2009 Indonesia State
MSPO 2013 Malaysia State
Soy RTRS 2004 CH MSI Soja Plus 2010 Brazil Industry
Fruit GLOBALG.A.P. 1997 DE Industry SIZA 2008 South
Africa
Industry
ETI 1998 GB MSI
Fisheries MSC 1997 GB MSI IRF 2009 Iceland Industry
MEL 2007 Japan State/
Industry
RFM 2011 Alaska Industry
Aquaculture ACC 1997 US Industry GAP 2002/2009 Thailand State
ASC 2010 NL/GB MSI VietGAP 2011 Vietnam State/
Industry
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