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Table 3 Integrated understanding of trust and suspicion, simplified and adjusted for the purpose of this paper after Lewicki et al. [155]

From: Conceptual framework for increasing legitimacy and trust of sustainability governance

  Low levels of suspicion High levels of suspicion
High levels of trust Trust by normative congruence
Poor incentive for monitoring and control
Prone to emotional and ideological manipulation
Trust by verification
High incentive for continuous monitoring and control
Possibly prone to data manipulation, unless data quality is also monitored and controlled
Low levels of trust Limited interdependence
Poor incentive for monitoring and control
Harmful motives assumed and potential paranoia and conspiracy theories
Monitoring and control is disbelieved
Believe in ideology or “pathos” and “ethos” and disbelieve in data or “logos” is common
Prone to emotional and ideological manipulation